The first call for an international presence in Hebron was made by the UN Security Council following the massacre in the Ibrahimi Mosque/Cave of Machpela on 25 February 1994. Through resolution 904, the Security Council strongly condemned the massacre and called for measures to be taken in order to guarantee the safety and protection of Palestinian civilians. The first TIPH was established in May 1994 based on an agreement between the two Parties, Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). The international observers withdrew after three months as an agreement on an extension of the mandate could not be reached.
In September 1995, the Parties called for another temporary international presence in Hebron, under the Hebron Guidelines in Annex I of the Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip (also called Oslo II Accords).
On 17 January 1997, the Parties stated in the Protocol Concerning the Redeployment in Hebron (Hebron Protocol) that there will be a Temporary International Presence in Hebron (TIPH). In the Hebron Protocol, the Parties agreed on the details of the redeployment in Hebron. The document also describes the division of the security responsibilities in the city. Both Parties confirmed their commitment to maintaining a normal life in Hebron and to prevent any provocation or friction that may jeopardise such efforts.
On 21 January 1997, the Parties concluded the agreement of the Temporary International Presence in the City of Hebron (TIPH Agreement). The agreement established the current form of TIPH and outlines the mandate, tasks and area of responsibility. The agreement is renewed every six months and signed by the Israeli and Palestinian authorities as well as by the six contributing countries.
Shortly after the signing of the Agreement on TIPH, the six contributing countries concluded a memorandum of understanding on the organisational structure and operational guidelines of TIPH. The MoU is signed by the contributing countries and agreed parties.